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The Mandate for a Jewish National Home in the Land Of Israel


In 1917, British Foreign Minister Arthur James Balfour declared: “His Majesty’s Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national 

 home for the Jewish people.” The British, thus, gained control of the Land of Israel, including Judea, Samaria and also Transjordan, as a custodianship 

 for the Jewish People. Article 25 of the League of Nation’s mandate decision postponed, or withheld, application of the “right of close settlement” in that area. Essentially, there already exists an Arab state in Palestine, Jordan. The Allied Powers, at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, decided that Ottoman Empire territories would be included in the mandates system introduced by the Covenant of the League of Nations, signed on 28 June 1919, as an  integral part of the Treaty of Versailles. Based on the Balfour Declaration as well as the 1920 San Remo Conference, the League of Nations in 1922   elected to grant to Great Britain the region of Palestine with the intention that “the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect the  

declaration in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.” The purpose of giving the mandate to Great Britain by  

 the League of Nations is outlined in detail in the preamble to the Mandate: “Recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the  

Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in that country…”. This document is legally binding according to  

 international Law. The United States, which was not a member of the League of Nations, also agreed to the contents of the mandate in a treaty it signed   with Britain in 1924, where it was determined explicitly that: “The United States consents to the administration of Palestine by his British Majesty,  according to mandate which has been quoted below…”

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